Diabetes – The Symptoms, Role of Pancreas and Exercise
What are the symptoms of Diabetes?
The symptoms are incessant thirst, frequent urge for urination, profuse urine and sweetish taste on tongue. Occasionally there is intolerable itching all over the body besides a simple cut or boil turns into a malignant gangrene. In the advanced stage, vertigo, headache, alarming loss of weight, depression, inflammation of the kidneys and the fatal diabetic coma gradually develop.
India Has the World’s Largest Diabetic Population
Diabetes is a disease that results in when the body does not produce insulin or when it is not properly used. Insulin is a hormone, which converts sugar, starch and other food in the form of energy needed for your daily life. This disease that is realized through the raised blood glucose level is hyperglycemia. The disease has potential long-term complications to affect all vital organs. It is hence too important to learn to mitigate or control it. Recent statistics now show that India has the world’s largest diabetic population. Today, India has 25 million diabetic patients, more than any other country, and the number is expected to rise to 35 million by 2010 and to 57 million by 2025!
It is reported that in urban areas, 12 percents of adult population suffers from diabetic, compared to six percent in the United Kingdom. It is important that each of us should aware of diabetes and its warning symptoms to nip the problem in the bud.
The major types of Diabetes are Type 1 diabetes (Juvenile Diabetes or Insulin – Dependent Diabetes); Type 2 diabetes (Maturity Onset Diabetes or Non – Insulin Dependant Diabetes Mellitus – NIIDM) and Gestational diabetes (Diabetes of Pregnancy)
Regulation of Blood Glucose
The Human Pancreas
The human pancreas, located below the stomach is having two main functions:
1. Productions of pancreatic hormones help to regulate many aspects of our metabolism through producing insulin, glucagons and other hormones. These play an important role in maintaining the sugar balance in our bodies.
2. Production of digestive enzymes that is necessary for breakdown and absorption of food from the gut.
Exercise Can and Diabetes
Regular exercise increases your energy levels and makes you agile; it increases your vitality and endurance. It also helps in controlling blood sugar and fat (lipid)
Types of exercise: There are many types of exercises as warm-up like walking exercises and body building exercises such as weight hitting and aerobics like swimming, dancing, etc to burn calories as well as yoga related exercises for muscle flexibility balance of mind and body.
You should wear comfortable out fits, shoes and socks. The diabetic should take care of his feet wall. A diabetes awareness card should be prepared and kept with you always. Blood sugar levels should be checked before and after exercise. If you have the risk of getting low blood sugar take some glucose stretching and warming up activities before any hardcore exercise.